Opening bid of one of major i.e. 1H/1S (showing 11/15 pts and min. 5 cards bid suit) and its Responses

  1. Opening bid of 1H/1S and various rebids on forcing of bids of responder:
    1. Opening bid of 1H/1S:- when you have got 11 - 15 points, and min. 5 cards major suit, you bid that major suit i.e. 1H/1S. Your hand can have any dist

    2. Rebids by opener on forcing bids of responder.

      There are three type of forcing bids, you can get from responder viz.

      1. Jump to 2NT shows 14+pts., min. 3 cards support in opener's suit & asking singleton of opener. On rebid, if opener has got any singleton, he bids his singleton suit, otherwise he bids game in major i.e. 4H/4S, if 11-13 and 3NT if 14-15.
      2. Immidiate next higher suit bid i.e. 1S/1NT by responder is relay bid forcing for one round. On his rebid, opener has to first reply whether he has got 11-13 pts. or 14-15 pts. Bids of immediate next higher suit i.e. 1S/1NT by opener shows 11-13 pts., irrespective of dist. whereas any other normal bid i.e 1NT/2C/2D/2H/2S/2NT/3C shows 14-15 pts. and next 4 cards suit, bal. or original suit 6 cards.(Note:- Jump reply shows original suit 6 cards and second suit 5 cards.)
      3. Jump shift bid i.e. 2S/3C/3D/3H/3S is splinter bid showing min. 4 cards support with one honour and bid suit singleton which is min. game force.(Note:- Double jump shift bid shows void). On rebid if opener has no wasted values, he bids his singleton, if any, or take over control by 4NT. If wasted values then he bids game in the major i.e. 4H/4S.

  2. Responses by partner:- When one of major suit i.e. 1H/1S is opened where points range is wide i.e. four but suit is known(unlike 1D opening where point range is narrow i.e. two but suit is not known), responder should first give more attention to the no. of cards he holds in bid suit major and then points.
    1. If he has got min. 3 cards support then:
      1. With 6-8/9 points, he raises the suit i.e. 2H/2S. {Note: On single raise of Major i.e. 2H/2S by partner, game try by opener with short suit trial, if he has 14/15 points and some singleton by bidding singleton suit (if responder has no wasted values, then he bids game otherwise return to 3 of Major i e 3H/3S) or seeking singleton of responder, he bids 2NT (on which responder will show singleton, if any, otherwise he bids 3 of major i e 3H/3S).}
      2. With 10/11 points, he jumps to 3 of major i.e. 3H/3S and
      3. With 12+ points, there are three with 12-13, (a) he bids game(with less pts. if 5/6 cards supports) or 14+ either (b)jumps to 2NT (asking for singleton of opener), (c) gives splinter bid (showing his singleton/void by single/double jump)
      4. Relay only when 16+ pts. having min.3 cards support when there is slam possibility.

    2. When there is no 3 cards support,
      1. With 0-6 points, he passes
      2. With 7-9/10 points, bids 5 cards suit, if any, or NT (except relay suit) i.e. 1NT/2C/2D/2H which is non-forcing. (on 1H opening, 1NT may have 5 cards bad S suit).
      3. With 13+ points,(or min. 10 pts. and 4/5 cards other major or 2 cards support of opener's major ), he relays i.e. 1S/1NT (artificial, forcing for 1 round) to find out more about opener's strength and dist. and then either he continues relays (till he reaches appropriate contract, after knowing opener's further dist.) or jumps to his own just 5 cards suit to find whether opener has got 3 cards support or not

Points to remember on 1H/1S opening

  1. Relays:-
    1. Opener never uses any Relays. He has to only go on replying to Responder's relays as now onward Responder is the Captain of the game.

    2. Responder has three options of relays viz.
      1. 1st use of strength asking relay, and
      2. Subsequent use of distribution asking relay or
      3. Direct use of singleton asking relay of 2NT(i.e. Jacoby relay).
        Generally Dist. Relays are to be used only when you do not have support of opener's suits & 10+ pts.

    3. NOTE:-

      1. Always think before using Relays, what information you want from opener. It should not be used just routinely for the sake of using but with some specific purpose in mind.
      2. In case responder has min.3 cards support of opener's suit, then he should immediately show support by single (with 5/6-9 pts.)/double (with 11/10 pts)/triple (7-9 pts with 5 cards support or with 12/14 ) raise of suit or go via 2NT(12+ pts).
      3. In case responder has no support but has 13+ pts. & has his own just 5 cards suit, he has to first use strength asking relay and then jump on reply (whether shown 11-13 or 14-15) to find whether opener has 3 cards support of his suit.

    4. Opener's replies on Relays:-
      On 1st relay (i.e. strength asking relay by next higher suit bid), opener has to first show whether he has 11-13 pts (by bidding next higher suit of relay) or 14-15 pts (by bidding next 4 cards suit, if any, otherwise repeating original suit if 6 cards or NT).
      Reply on 2nd relay depends upon what was opener's first reply. If shown 11-13 pts. , then he has to show next 4 cards suit, if any, otherwise repeat original suit, if 6 cards or bid NT. However if shown 14-15 pts., by bidding (i) next 4 cards suit, then show 3 cards suit if original suit is not 6 cards (indicating 5-4-3-1 dis.) or bid NT(indicating 5-4-2-2 dis.) and (ii) by repeating original suit showing 6 cards, then show singleton, if any,(indicating 6-3-3-1 dis.) otherwise bid NT (indicating 6-3-3-2 dis.) or (iii) by bidding NT, then bid doubleton suit (indicating 5-2-3-3 dis.)
  2. Jumps Bids:-
    1. There is no jump bids by opener of 1H/!S except (i) when reply to relay is not matching to his holding e.g.1H-P-1S-P/2NT(in case opener is having 14-15 pts. & bal. hand as 1NT will show 11-13 pts.)or 1S-P-1NT-P/3C (in case opener having 14-15 pts. & 4 cards C suit as 2C will show 11-13 pts.) or when opener has original suit 6 cards & 2nd suit 5 cards with 14-15 pts. i.e.1H-P-1S-P/ 3C/3D/3S.

    2. Responder can give jump bids on many occasions.(i) Limit raise or jump to game i.e.1H/1S-P-3H/3S or 4H/4S,(ii) Jump to 2NT(Jacoby relay) asking for singleton,(iii) Splinter bids i.e.1H/1S-P-3C/3D/3H/3S(singleton) or 4C/4D/4H/4S(void).

  3. Handling of Interference by opponents after 1H/1S opening:-
    1. One/two/three level interference either by suit call /NT or Dbl before response:-
      Dbl. or Redbl. by responder is always 1st round relay e.g.1H/1S--intf. by opp.--Dbl./Redbl. Opener to reply accordingly to his holding.e.g.1H-intf.by opp. by suit call of 1S-dbl.-P/1NT, if 11-13 pts & any other bid i.e.2C/2D/2H/2S/2NT shows 14-15 pts & next 4 cards suit or original suit 6 cards or bal. Subsequent dbl. by Responder in case of further interference by opponents will be for penalties but next higher suit bids are further relays.

    2. One/two/three level interference either by suit call /NT or Dbl after response:-
      In case interference is after 1st relay of responder then pass with 11-13 pts. & bid of any other suit shows 14-15 pts. & next 4 cards suit or original suit 6 cards or bal. In case interference suit is opener's bid then opener should dbl. informing responder that his next 4 cards suit is that of opponent.